Wisdom teeth

What you need to know about wisdom teeth…

Wisdom teeth at unfavourable positions can lead to loss of neighbouring teeth. While all the teeth complete their growth by the age of 16, wisdom teeth continue to grow further. This exerts a pressure on the adjoining structures. For this reason, many adolescents develop problems related to their wisdom teeth. The wisdom teeth may displace the other teeth ,thereby developing a frontal crowding. This can lead to periodontal problems in the anterior region of the mouth.

When the wisdom tooth erupts and for the first time establishes a direct connection with the oral cavity, the periodontal cavity often appears inflamed. In the long term, this causes the seventh tooth to develop caries.
We recommend that wisdom teeth located at unfavourable positions be removed prophylactically. The optimum point for removal of a wisdom tooth is at the age of 16, because the roots of the wisdom teeth are not fully grown at this age. The surgical extraction is therefore very easy and comfortable. However, even at an advanced age any unfavourably located wisdom teeth should be extracted.

How many wisdom teeth does a human being have?

This varies from one person to another. Every human generally has wisdom teeth. In exceptional cases one may not have any, because they have not been established. Normally there are four wisdom teeth. In exceptional cases there may be more. These are mostly conical teeth, but considerably smaller than the commonly seen wisdom teeth.

Why does one get so-called “hamster cheeks” after wisdom tooth extraction?

Wisdom teeth must occasionally be partitioned. Surrounding bone structures must be widened before the wisdom tooth within the bone can be extracted. During the process, bacteria are transferred from the oral cavity to the jaw bones. The defensive reaction of the body then causes swollen cheeks.